The clarity of any essay depends on the structure, and many young students wonder how to prepare a paper outline. An outline looks like most of the research project outlines. We have discussed how to develop a thesis statement for a paper. It is time to explore how to develop an introduction for a philosophy paper. Do not forget to include these elements: Make it clear, concise, and challenging. We are almost done with the structure!
The question left is how to write a conclusion for a philosophy paper to leave the reader impressed. A powerful conclusion can guarantee positive feedback. Start with paraphrasing the thesis statement. Recall the arguments from the body paragraphs one-by-one it would be a summary and end up by involving a rhetorical question or personal forecasts about the topic. How about taking some time to explore the paper format? In most cases, students apply APA format to cite and reference essays.
An example of APA citation would be: Teaching native speakers to recognize foreign-accented speech. To check whether the work matches the requirements, download and study the corresponding writing style manual online or use free templates.
However, direct quotations should be used sparingly. It is seldom necessary to quote more than a few sentences. Often it will be more appropriate to paraphrase what X says, rather than to quote him directly. When you are paraphrasing what somebody else said, be sure to say so. Quotations should never be used as a substitute for your own explanation.
And when you do quote an author, you still have to explain what the quotation says in your own words. If the quoted passage contains an argument, reconstruct the argument in more explicit, straightforward terms. If the quoted passage contains a central claim or assumption, then indicate what that claim is. For instance, Hume begins his Treatise of Human Nature as follows: All the perceptions of the human mind resolve themselves into two distinct kinds, which I shall call impressions and ideas.
The difference betwixt these consists in the degrees of force and liveliness, with which they strike upon the mind, and make their way into our thought or consciousness. Those perceptions, which enter with most force and violence, we may name impressions; and under this name I comprehend all our sensations, passions, and emotions, as they make their first appearance in the soul.
By ideas I mean the faint images of these in thinking and reasoning. Hume says all perceptions of the mind are resolved into two kinds, impressions and ideas. The difference is in how much force and liveliness they have in our thoughts and consciousness. The perceptions with the most force and violence are impressions. These are sensations, passions, and emotions. Ideas are the faint images of our thinking and reasoning.
There are two main problems with paraphrases of this sort. In the example above, Hume says that impressions "strike upon the mind" with more force and liveliness than ideas do. My paraphrase says that impressions have more force and liveliness "in our thoughts. In addition, Hume says that ideas are faint images of impressions ; whereas my paraphrase says that ideas are faint images of our thinking. These are not the same.
So the author of the paraphrase appears not to have understood what Hume was saying in the original passage. A much better way of explaining what Hume says here would be the following: He calls these impressions and ideas. Anticipate objections Try to anticipate objections to your view and respond to them. Imagine what his comeback might be. How would you handle that comeback? Explain how you think these objections can be countered or overcome.
Sometimes they argue that the question needs to be clarified, or that certain further questions need to be raised. Sometimes they argue that certain assumptions of the question need to be challenged. Hence, if these papers are right, the question will be harder to answer than we might previously have thought.
These are all important and philosophically valuable results. You can leave some questions unanswered at the end of the paper. And you should say something about how the question might be answered, and about what makes the question interesting and relevant to the issue at hand.
Call attention to the unclarity. Suggest several different ways of understanding the view. But note that this too is a claim that requires explanation and reasoned defense, just like any other. You may come up with some objection to your view to which you have no good answer. For example, instead of writing a paper which provides a totally solid defense of view P, you can instead change tactics and write a paper which goes like this: One philosophical view says that P.
This is a plausible view, for the following reasons However, there are some reasons to be doubtful whether P. One of these reasons is X. X poses a problem for the view that P because It is not clear how the defender of P can overcome this objection. Or you can write a paper which goes: At first glance, this is a very appealing argument.
However, this argument is faulty, for the following reasons One might try to repair the argument, by But these repairs will not work, because I conclude that the Conjunction Argument does not in fact succeed in establishing P.
After all, neither of these papers commits you to the view that not-P. P might still be true, for all that. Set the draft aside for a day or two. Then come back to the draft and re-read it. As you read each sentence, say things like this to yourself: Make sure every sentence in your draft does useful work.
Even if it sounds nice. Make sure your sentences say exactly what you want them to say. For example, suppose you write " Abortion is the same thing as murder. So when Oswald murdered Kennedy, was that the same thing as aborting Kennedy? Or do you mean something different?
Perhaps you mean that abortion is a form of murder. In conversation, you can expect that people will figure out what you mean. In philosophical prose, you have to be sure to say exactly what you mean. Also pay attention to the structure of your draft. Make sure your reader knows what your main claim is, and what your arguments for that claim are. Make sure that your reader can tell what the point of every paragraph is. It has to be obvious to your reader, even to a lazy, stupid, and mean reader.
If you can, show your draft to your friends or to other students in the class, and get their comments and advice. I encourage you to do this. Do your friends understand your main point? Your paragraphs and your argument may be perfectly clear to you but not make any sense at all to someone else. Another good way to check your draft is to read it out loud.
This will help you tell whether it all makes sense. Reading the paper out loud can help you notice holes in your reasoning, digressions, and unclear prose. You should count on writing many drafts of your paper. There are many times when these essays are given to students by their professors. In addition to this these essays are also given to the employees by the organization heads as well. Our writers are experts in the field of custom essay writing. And our company is a renowned name in this business.
Our customers trust on us for quality. Philosophy essays are not easy to write. One needs to have a questioning mind to be able to write a philosophy essay. The writer cannot simply assert things he needs to have a thorough understanding of the same. An essay on philosophy begins with a thesis statement which can be an introduction to a wider topic or can be a simple argument that you wish to elaborate in the essay. A thesis statement is essential in all kinds of custom essay papers because it is the starting point to your essay therefore it needs to be impressive enough to catch attention.
Once the thesis statement is tackled now is the time to build on your content because it is the crux of your essay. Collect as many contradicting views on a given argument to be thoroughly clear about it. If you find the work difficult an exhausting then rely on our writers.
Structuring a Philosophy Paper Philosophy assignments generally ask you to consider some thesis or argument, often a thesis or argument that has been presented by another philosopher (a thesis is argument, you may be asked to do one or more of the following: explain it, offer an argument in support of.
Philosophy paper. Help. anncou. Main. Similar Questions. Field: Reading homework help. Report Issue. Address the following in your paper: Mind/Body Dualism: Compare/contrast Cartesian rationalism and at least one version of empiricism. You may draw upon your analysis of the Cartesian Method in this week’s discussion assignment. Remember to.
It will also help to give your paper focus. In order to produce a good philosophy paper, it is first necessary to think very carefully and clearly about your topic. Unfortunately, your reader (likely your marker or instructor) has no access to those thoughts except by way of what actually ends up on the page. A philosophy paper consists of the reasoned defense of some claim Your paper must offer an argument. It can't consist in the mere report of your opinions, nor in .
Avoid getting off on tangents that are not crucial to your topic, and avoid sweeping generalizations you can't support in the paper. In addition to the quality of exposition, one of the central things we look for in a philosophy paper is how well the thesis in question is supported. An essay on philosophy begins with a thesis statement which can be an introduction to a wider topic or can be a simple argument that you wish to elaborate in the essay. A thesis statement is essential in all kinds of custom essay papers because it is the starting point to your essay therefore it needs to be impressive enough to catch attention.